品种
VINTAGE
   Grape-picking in Georgia is called Rtveli” –vintage. As a rule vintage starts at the end of September and lasts for about two weeks. In Georgia vintage is a labor feast, for which the population makes special preparations. Grape picking starts early in the morning and it lasts till late evening. The event is accompanied by special folk songs, dedicated to this process. The collected grapes are placed in woven baskets of special design, called “Godori”. As a rule, vintage enjoys abundance of people – neighbors,   relatives and guests, participating in this activity. At the end of the working day, all the people gather at tables to celebrate the festive event. Rtveli in the fall is marked with a great celebration. All through the year a farmer takes care of the vine like his own child in order to place and store its juice in the fall. The end of the Rtveli is a kind of relaxation for a Georgian farmer and the period of rather a quiet, relaxed and generous hospitality starts.
   Every fall  wine festival is held in Georgia as soon as the vintage is over. Guests are treated to wine and freshly cooked dishes. One can taste a farmer’s wine, which is made by applying Georgian technology, as well as the bottled wine, made according to the European standards. Besides, one can enjoy concerts of song and dance ensembles and a variety of theatrical performances on the venue. The trade exhibition of hand–crafted goods is also held here. Farmers offer their family wine to the guests, while companies treat them to their production.

VINTAGE
DZVELI UBANI
The life rhythm has dramatically increased in our time. The old is destroyed, giving way to the new. Neither 1 550year-old Tbilisi survived this turmoil of time. But the old districts still have preserved their unique charm and beauty. The overhanging balconies, the pretty houses with flat 
roofs, where the whole families and neighbors used to get together. It was a wonderful means of communication. These balconies, the narrow streets were so close to one another, that the toast, taken in one house was passed over to a balcony at the other end of the street.
   Time is merciless, the new should be built, but the old also needs care.
 This vessel holds the oldest Kakhetian wine “Saperavi”, which our ancestors used to enjoy many centuries ago. When you open this vessel, recall them, your childhood, your loved ones who left this world and whatever country you are from, this wine will give you hope for the future and strengthen you.
Help yourself to it! Enjoy it!

DZVELI UBANI
TAMADA
The Tamada is a  toastmaster at a Georgian Supra.  Regardless of its size there ought to be the tamada or the toastmaster. The members of the Supra choose the tamada or he is appointed by the host for his being an experienced organizer. Being the tamada is a kind of art in Georgia and in spite of the fact that he is elected, tamada is a sort of a dictator and the members of the Supra must obey him without a word of protest. According to the opinion of the foreign guests to Georgia, Tamada is the most pleasant dictator. He arranges the so called democratic dictatorship at the Supra, as he pays attention to every participant of the festivity to make him feel comfortable and to let the wine drinking process turn into a celebration.
   The tamada ought to be eloquent, intelligent, smart, sharp-witted and quick-thinking, with a good sense of humor.  Only the tamada should propose a toast and the rest of the members are supposed to develop the same idea. Everybody tries to add something more original and emotional than the previous speaker and the whole process turns into a kind of contest in eloquence. 
    The best tamada is an extempore poet and singer as well. He should arrange singing the polyphonic Georgian songs among the members of the Supra. Applying these traditional means, the tamada should provide a kind of unity which a good tamada is responsible for. He should notice if certain members begin to lessen their attention, or by proposing a special toast make him pass ‘alaverdi,’ which is an exclusive right to propose a toast. Last but not least at all, a good tamada should be good at drinking. He is expected to empty his glass after proposing a toast “bottom up” as the Georgians say ‘bolomde!’                                                        
  Sometimes the tamada proposes toasts to be taken in various glasses such as horns of different capacities, phials, chinchillas etc. Sometimes there might be items very far from drinking vessels  such as a lamp glass, or tile,  or a beautiful lady’s shoe etc. 
   Traditionally there are specially treated goats’ or auroches’ horns, also widely used as drinking vessels.

TAMADA
VELISTSIKHE
Velistsikhe, having the history of more than 1 500 years, is the oldest and largest village in Eastern Georgian  region of  Kakheti. There was a castle in the middle of the village and its name has taken its origin due to it. It was a strategic point and protected the whole of Georgia during the enemy invasions from the East. There are several historical buildings here , among them the church of V century. The village old people say that there was a 35 km long tunnel, which connected the village with the Cheremi Gorge. The Tunnel was used for the villagers’ evacuation during the enemies’ invasions.
In 2010 a church priest discovered the entrance arch of the tunnel, which archeologists are exploring at present.
All around the village, on the Alazani Valley there are vineyards. The Alazani Valley is a Godblessed place, which creats  oasis conditions for grapevine.
The valley occupies a vast territory (200 square kilometers), in the middle of which the river Alazani flows, providing the vineyards with water. The valley is surrounded by the Caucasian mountains, protecting it from the North colds.This Valley directly faces the sun. The fall here is sunny and rich and the grapes in vineyards get charged with the sun’s energy.
The best wine is made from the grapes in the wineries of Velistsikhe.
Taste the wine ‘Alazani Valley’ held in this beautiful earthenware vessel and you will feel the flavor of Kakhetian autumn. 

VELISTSIKHE
ALAVERDI
The word ‘Alaverdi’ has several meanings in the Georgian language. One of them denotes the old Cathedral of St John, an outstanding monument of the Georgian medieval architecture. This monument, situated in Kakheti region in the eastern part of Georgia was known to be the highest  Cathedral in Georgia (up to 50 meters) till the end of XX century. The burial vault of Kakheti kings is situated in the courtyard of the Cathedral
   Alaverdi is not only the religious center in Kakheti, but it has been a cultural center of Georgia for centuries. A lot of famous persons worked here, enlightening the people. The monastery for monks was founded on the territory of Alaverdi and the priests serving here tended orchards, vineyards and wheat fields. Here was also marani – the wine cellar and they maintained a high quality wine in the qvevri in order to use it during religious rites. The church wine should be made of red grapes. It is called “Zedashe” and pouring it into qvevri is connected with a religious ceremony. At present an ancient marani is restored in Alaverdi, where fabulous church wines are kept.   At the end of September a great folk celebration “Alaverdoba” has been held here  for centuries. It is devoted to fertility and harvest storing.
   The second meaning of the word ‘Alaverdi’ is used during festive celebrations. The Tamada –the toast-master proposes a toast and he drains the wineglass or the horn and then as a token of respect, he pass Alaverdi to a member of the festive table, thus giving him the right to continue  the proposed toast. Every person who accepts Alaverdi adds something of his own to the toast. The idea of Alaverdi implies friendship, confidence and cordiality.

ALAVERDI
GODORI
The godori is the oldest and very widely-spread vessel in georgian agriculture. It is a tall, round or quadrangular vassel with handles and woven with twigs. It is used for transportation of grapes, fruit, vegetables, tea leaves, kettle food etc. It has the capacity from 30 to 300 kg. In mountainous regions the godori is lined with clay and it is used to keep grains. The godori is particularly convenient for the transportation of grapes as during the vintage the collected grapes are often left in the sun for a long time and the grapes in the godori  undergo aeration and are kept safer in it.
GODORI
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